Multimedia IPA chart
Multimedia IPA Chart Phonpad IPA editor Phonverter convertitore IPA-SAMPA

Warning: this is not the definitive version and will soon be updated as soon as we get new funds (preview: September 2010). Not all recordings are yet available.

This page shows the IPA symbols: in red you can see the symbols of the standard IPA chart, in green you can see some more symbols which demonstrate the use of the most common diacritics. If you click on a symbol, a new page with recordings by 2 speakers and information on the phone will pop up (please, note that in order to listen to the audio samples you need a recent version of Flash Player). By clicking on the IPA and SAMPA buttons, you can alternate between IPA and SAMPA symbols.

Warning: If phonetic symbols are not visible, you are probably using a browser that is not standard-compliant (such as Internet Explorer 6) and/or that is incapable of showing IPA transcriptions: in order to solve this problem, you can simply switch to another browser (ex. Firefox, Opera, Chrome or Safari), or you can try installing additional fonts (ex. DejaVu Sans - you should unzip them in C:\windows\fonts). For further information on how to display IPA symbols in HTML pages, see this link.

Consonants

  bilabial labio-dental dental alveolar postalveolar retroflex palatal velar uvular pharyngeal glottal
plosive p b   t d ʈ ɖ c ɟ k g q ɢ   ʔ ?
nasal m ɱ̊ ɱ   n   ɳ̊ ɳ ɲ̊ ɲ ŋ̊ ŋ ɴ̥ ɴ    
trill ʙ̥ ʙ     r         ʀ̥ ʀ    
tap/flap       ? ɾ   ? ɽ          
affricate p͡ɸ b͡β p͡f b͡v t̪͡θ d̪͡ð t͡s d͡z t̠͡ʃ d̠͡ʒ ʈ͡ʂ ɖ͡ʐ c͡ç ɟ͡ʝ k͡x g͡ɣ q͡χ ɢ͡ʁ   ʔ͡h ?
fricative ɸ β f v θ ð s z ʃ ʒ ʂ ʐ ç ʝ x ɣ χ ʁ ħ ʕ h ɦ
lateral fricative       ɬ ɮ              
approximant ? β̞ ? ʋ ? ð̞ ? ɹ ? ɹ̠ ? ɻ ? j ? ɰ ? ʁ̞    
lateral approximant       l   ɭ̊ ɭ λ̥ λ ʟ̥ ʟ      

Non-pulmonic consonants

clicks implosives plosive ejective fricative ejective
ʘ bilabial ɓ bilabial bilabial labio-dental
ǀ dental ɗ dental alveolar alveolar
ǃ (post)alveolar ʄ palatal palatal ʃʼ postalveolar
ǂ palato-alveolar ɠ velar velar velar
ǁ lateral ʛ uvular uvular χʼ uvular

Other symbols

ʍ voiceless labio-velar fricative w voiced labio-velar approximant
ɥ voiced labio-palatal approximant ʜ voiceless epiglottal fricative
ʢ voiced epiglottal fricative ʡ epiglottal plosive
ɕ voiceless alveolo-palatal fricative ʑ voiced alveolo-palatal fricative
ɺ voiced alveolar lateral flap ɧ simultaneous ʃ and x

Vowels

Diacritics

 ̥  ̊ devoiced  ̤ breathy voiced  ̪ dental
 ̬ voiced  ̰ creaky voiced  ̺ apical
 ʰ aspirated  ̼ linguolabial  ̻ laminal
 ̹ more rounded  ʷ labialised  ̃ nasalised
 ̜ less rounded  ʲ palatalised  ⁿ nasal release
 ̟ advanced  ˠ velarised  ˡ lateral release
 ̠ retracted  ˤ pharyngealised  ̚ non audible release
 ̈ centralised  ̴ velarised or pharyngealised
 ̽ mid-centralised  ̝ raised
 ̩ syllabic  ̞ lowered
 ̯ non-syllabic  ̘ advanced tongue root
 ˞ rhoticity  ̙ retracted tongue root